Don’t let the midges in Scotland stop you from enjoying the Scottish Highlands and Islands. Here’s tips on the best midge repellent for Scotland (and the UK), how to prevent midge bites and how to stop midge bites itching. We also tell you the dates of midge season in Scotland, the best time to visit to avoid midges and how to keep midges away when sitting outside.
The bad news is that we have yet to find a midge repellent that works all the time on every occasion. Once on the Isle of Mull in Scotland, on getting out of the car at a viewpoint we were attacked by midges. We applied insect repellent and the midges disappeared. On our next stop a few miles down the road, the midges weren’t affected at all by the same midge repellent. Maybe certain “groups” of midges in Scotland are unaffected by some products but I’m not a scientist.
Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) say that:
Repellents are effective but not perfect: they will only reduce the numbers of bites.
The good news is that I have found a few insect repellents that do work some of the time on midges in Scotland and the rest of the UK. How do we cope with midges in Scotland? We use Smidge insect repellent (also available from eBay individually or in packs of two and in a handy pocket version), Incognito insect repellent (we also spray that on clothes to help protect against ticks) and carry a midge head net. This clever design combines a hat with a midge net to hold the net away from your face and is popular on Amazon.
Another popular choice is Avon Skin So Soft Original Dry Oil Body Spray (also available in a pack of 3). If you prefer a DEET insect repellent, you could try Jungle Formula Insect Repellent Spray Pump. We give you more insect repellent suggestions below and the great thing is that they might also work on mosquitoes, horse flies, ticks, sandflies, gnats and more.
If you want a candle, these all have good reviews on Amazon – The Wee Midgie Lavender and Bog Myrtle Candle Tin for Midges & Mozzies, La Jolie Muse Citronella Candle comes in a pretty tin, there’s the La Bellefee Citronella Candles Set or this set of 12 in small metal buckets.
Midges are repelled by:
We prefer to use insect repellents which don’t contain DEET or DMP. Although DEET and DMP are more effective than non-DEET or natural insect repellents, they are capable of melting some plastics (such as credit cards, glasses and synthetic clothing) and that isn’t really something we want to put our skin.
We’ve been using Smidge insect repellent for about 5 years now and find it to be very effective against the wee beasties. The active ingredient is Saltidin (also known as Icaridin and Bayrepel) which was developed as a safer alternative to DEET and which smells and feels much more pleasant. Apply it before you get attacked and it should stop the midgies biting. It has such a lovely fragrance that I’d even wear it as a perfume, if they made one. Smidge comes in a pump spray and is like a moisturising milk which you apply to your skin.
More info and to buy
It’s well-reported that Avon Skin So Soft is an effective repellent for midges in Scotland. The Royal Marines are said to use it when they’re in Scotland. It’s widely available to buy from Amazon, eBay and other online retailers.
This is another of our favourites to keep midges away. This “USDA Certified Organic – All Natural Mosquito Repellent” comes in a small metal tin so can easily fit in a pocket or small bag. As you’d expect with a balm, a little goes a long way so it lasts for ages and is another great-smelling natural product.
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We haven’t tried Lifesystems Natural 30+ Insect Repellent Spray but I like that it’s another natural insect repellent.
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Lifesystems also have a product formulated especially for midges which contains myrtle extract and DEET.
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I first bought this from a little natural health shop in Tobermory. This was the first natural insect repellent I ever bought and I was really pleased with the results. As I mentioned before, it did deter them but didn’t seem to work all the time so I ended up trying some other things too. I do think it’s worth trying though and there are some good reviews.
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Products containing DEET on Amazon include:
If you want to know when is the best time to visit Scotland to avoid midges, you need to find out when is the midge season in Scotland.
Adult midges in Scotland start to come out in April and they are active on the wing until October. There are often two peaks in emergence during this period which are the worst months for midges in Scotland so these are the best times to avoid – one in late May/early June and the second in late July/early August.
In saying that we’ve been on holiday in the Scottish Highlands and Islands during these peak midge times and it hasn’t stopped us going back year after year.
The best method to stop being bitten in the Highlands is to use a repellent and to recognise the conditions when midges are likely to be most active and avoid going out in them.
If you’re still getting attacked, then bring out the midge net. I always carry my midge hood in my rucksack and wear it over my trusty Tilley hat. Everyone should invest in one of these as they will prevent midge bites. They are cheap, small to carry around and so useful, even if you look a bit of an idiot. Midge hoods can be bought in local shops in Scotland or you can buy them online from:
Some people swear by eating marmite to avoid being bitten by midges. There’s no scientific evidence that eating yeast extract is an effective midge repellent but if you’re a Marmite fan, you could give it a go. Get some insect repellent as a back-up though.
To stop a midge bite itching, try using a specific bite and sting relief product such as hydrocortisone cream, an antihistamine cream like Anthisam Bite and Sting or After Bite Insect Bite Remedy from Amazon.
Amazon has a range of products to stop midge bites itching which are also effective for relief from other insect bites, such as horse flies and mosquitoes. Although I don’t normally react to midge bites, I do tend to have a bad reaction to mosquito bites and my must-have bite treatment is a bite click relief zapper (Amazon) which I find works really well at reducing swelling and itching. There’s also an electronic bite relief device which has received good reviews on Amazon.
To stop midge bites being itchy, you could also try herbal and plant remedies such as:
Midges can be a serious nuisance. The worst places for midges are the areas where you’ll find their preferred habitats. These places include the north and west coast of Scotland and in the Highlands like Fort William, Glen Coe and the Great Glen.
Midges (also called gnats) are tiny flying insects and the Highland midge (Culicoides Impunctatus) is the one that causes issues, particularly in Western Scotland and the Highlands.
It is only the female midge that bites. When female midges emerge they have built up enough fat reserves as a larva to lay their first batch of eggs. To mature more batches of eggs than this initial batch, the female midge needs a blood meal.
Male Highland midges are vegetarian and eat plant nectar so won’t bother you.
Mosquitoes are sometimes confused with midges but mosquitoes are much larger insects. You may come across mosquitoes in Scotland but there aren’t as many as the midges.
If you get bitten by a midge or a gnat they sometimes look similar to mosquito bites. On my skin, I find that the bites appear as a small red mark. According to the NHS website, they usually cause small, red lumps that can be painful and very itchy. They can sometimes swell up alarmingly and some people may also develop fluid-filled blisters.
Midge bites aren’t usually a serious problem but they can be irritating as they cause swelling and painful itching. Midges are carriers of arboviruses (viral infections transmitted to humans from a group of insects). Research by the University of Glasgow in September 2019 stated that midges “aren’t currently a public health concern in Scotland”.
Updated: March 2021
If you’re being bitten by midges, then your friends and family probably are too. Why not help them out by sharing this post with them using the simple share buttons?
It is worth mentioning that however annoying these pesky Scottish midges can be, they are not such a serious threat to your health as ticks which can give you Lyme disease. Please make sure you read our post about Lyme disease too.
Don’t worry too much about the midges in Scotland and don’t let them put you off visiting this beautiful country. Midge bites don’t irritate me as much as mosquito or cleg (horse flies) bites and as midges don’t transmit disease to humans, I’m more relaxed about midges. We generally find it’s too windy for midgies most of the time anyway! When you go out and it isn’t that windy, carry a couple of different natural insect repellents and a midge hood and hopefully, you should be fine.
What are your best products for repelling midges in Scotland? What’s your advice for avoiding midge bites? Please post in the comments below.